The Mechanics of Swinging a Bat

Bat speed and power depend on the actual stroke taken to the ball. This is the key to hitting, and different batters will find success with different techniques. But surrounding that stroke are the physical issues of stance, pivot and release. The following check points breakdown the rhythm of your swing.

Checkpoints and Rhythm
Load – Set – Pivot – Stroke


with pitcher’s wind up…
  • Feet – shoulder/bat width apart. Flex knees, maintain balance, on inside balls of feet.
  • Shoulders – level and in line with pitcher (don’t tuck in)
  • Head – level , turned to pitcher – use both eyes.
  • Hands – hold bat loosely in curled fingers, not palm. Fingers shouldn’t lock till bat extends over plate.
  • Arm Angles – Move straight out, shoulder height, 90 degrees between arms.
    Keep the bat steady at 45 degrees, clubhead slightly toward pitcher.
  • Keep weight slightly back, centered through your hips, and keep head steady. (The “launch position”.)
  • Pick up the pitch in the window (look for fingering, wrist and arm angles)
2. SET
when it’s half way in…
  • Front foot lifts and front toes dig in slightly – balanced on inside balls of feet.
  • A short stride (or no stride) only.
hips to finish square…
  • Pivoting back foot and knee in will turn hips forward.
  • Pivot force – from back foot, knee, hip – will trigger arm movement.
  • Body stays back over hips – don’t lunge.
  • stroke
    For the stride in motion… (other elements of swing on other pages.) Login to see it In-Motion.
will vary, based on your goal and technique, but some checkpoints are always important…
  • Follow the ball towards zone but keep head steady.
  • Keep front shoulder on the ball.
  • Get the clubhead into the plane of the pitch.
  • As bat comes into zone, arms extend, hands flat.
  • Fingers lock to squeeze the trigger.
  • Keep your head steady over the zone as your body turns underneath, shoulder to shoulder.
  • Bat should finish high (one or two hands on), eyes still in the zone.



  • The stroke is your line of attack to the ball. You need to know what will work for you, based on your goal (to hit with power power, to pull more, or pop-up less, or hit to all fields…) Be sure to read the page on on understanding your stroke.
  • A good, comfortable rhythm will help you be more relaxed, more in control at the plate.
  • If the pitcher is trying to throw you off your rhythm (and he will), then call time and step out.

Read more useful baseball tips right here.

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